Published On: Sun, May 6th, 2018

Picrorrhiza kurroa benefits, properties, chemical constituents and synonyms

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Picrorrhiza kurroa family is Scrophulariaceae and it has many health benefits. Check out in detail about picrorrhiza benefits in this post.

Source and Distribution of Picrorrhiza:

Picrorrhiza consists of the dried rhizomes of the plant Picrorrhiza kurroa of the family Scrophulariaceae. These rhizomes are cut into small pieces and they are freed from attached root-lets. It is known as Indian gentian and kutki.

Kutki (Marathi: कुटकी)

Kutki (Marathi: कुटकी) (Photo credit: dinesh_valke)

It is a perennial herb and is distributed in Upper Himalayas and China. It is found naturally growing in Sikkim and Kashmir. It is grown in Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh.

Physical properties of Picrorrhiza:

The rhizomes are deep greyish brown in colour, they are white in colour externally and blackish internally. is whitish. They have unpleasant odour and bitter taste.

Chemical constituents of Picrorrhiza:

The drug contains irridoid bitter substances namely, kutkin picroside I, picroside II and kutkoside. Picrosides and kutkoside are C9 monoterpene with an epoxy oxide in ring.

Medicinal Uses and Health Benefits of Picrorrhiza:

  • It is a valuable bitter tonic
  • Anti periodic
  • Febrifuge (reduces )
  • Stomachic
  • Acts as when used in large doses
  • Alcoholic extract of the root have anti bacterial effect
  • Used in the treatment of Jaundice
  • Hepatoprotectant, it is discovered that kutkoside has hepatoprotective activity by the Central Drug Research Institute located in Lucknow.

It is prepared in the form of compound picrorrhiza tincture, it contains picrorrhiza, cardamom and alcohol.

Synonyms of Picrorrhiza:

  • Bengali – Katki
  • Gujrathi – Kadu
  • Hindi – Kutki, kuru
  • Malayalam – Katu khur-obani
  • Marathi – Kutki
  • Sanskrit – Katuka
  • Tamil – Kitchli
  • Telugu – Katukuroni
  • Punjabi – Karru

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