Published On: Tue, Dec 3rd, 2013

Buck-Wheat : Chemical Constituents and Uses

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English: Fagopyrum esculentum, Polygonaceae, B...

English: Fagopyrum esculentum, Polygonaceae, Buckwheat, habitus; Botanical Garden KIT, Karlsruhe, . The plant is used in homeopathy as remedy: Fagopyrum (Fago.) Deutsch: Fagopyrum esculentum, Polygonaceae, Echter Buchweizen, Gemeiner Buchweizen, Habitus; Botanischer Garten KIT, Karlsruhe, Deutschland. Die Pflanze wird in der Homöopathie als Arzneimittel verwendet: Fagopyrum (Fago.) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Morphology and Distribution of Buck-Wheat:

Buck-wheat is the powder of the dried food grains of Fagopyrum esculentum, belonging to the family Polygonaceae.

The commercial cultivation of buck-wheat is carried out in USA, Russia and as a food crop. The grains are brown in colour and irregular shape. They are in size as of the soya . The plant contains heart shaped leaves and slender, hollow stems. They grow to a height of 1 meter and bears white coloured flowers.

Chemical constituents of buck-wheat:

The main constituents of the buck-wheat are and fat.

Rutin is Rhamnoglucoside of Quercetin. It is a microcrystalline greenish yellow powder without any taste. Rutin is soluble in methyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, pyridine and solutions of alkali hydroxides.

Uses of Buck-Wheat:


  • Buck-Wheat is useful in the treatment of capillary bleeding.
  • Buck-Wheat is used in increased capillary fragility.
  • Buck-Wheat is useful in the treatment of retinal haemorrhages.
Rutin is also obtained from the flower buds of Chinese pagoda tree, Sophera japonica.
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